Gaslighting: Understanding and Surviving Psychological Abuse

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Gaslighting is a sinister yet often covert form of manipulation that primarily occurs in relationships. It is a subtle and damaging form of psychological and emotional abuse that bullies or abusers use to gain control and power over the target.

The main aim of gaslighting is to make the victim doubt their reality, judgments, and mental well-being. They may even start to question their sanity – with long-term implications for their mental health.

As well as in romantic relationships, it’s not uncommon for this type of behavior to exist in controlling friendships or within families. However, it can also be displayed in high-pressure work environments. People who gaslight others may have underlying mental health issues and tend to use this technique deliberately to manipulate those around them.

How Does Gaslighting Work?

Gaslighting behavior typically involves lying, distortion, discrediting you or your thoughts and feelings, minimizing you, or shifting blame onto you. People who engage in this behavior may blatantly lie and never back down or change their stories when confronted with facts that contradict them.

They may spread rumors or gossip about you to others or try to convince you that other people think negatively of you when they don’t. They also minimize your thoughts and feelings by disregarding them as unimportant or invalidating them outright. Finally, they blame you for every discussion so that somehow it becomes your fault.

Identifying Gaslighting Tactics

It can be difficult to recognize gaslighting tactics because they often start small and escalate over time. If someone consistently denies their words or actions after the fact or refuses to take responsibility for what they have done wrong, these are signs of gaslighting behavior. Other warning signs include:

Attempts at Isolation

One of the most common warning signs of gaslighting is an abuser attempting to isolate their victim from family members and friends by preventing them from spending time with them or talking about certain topics.

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This allows the abuser to maintain control over their victim by limiting contact with anyone who might challenge the abuser’s authority or offer support to the victim. 

Accusing Someone Else of Lying

Another warning sign is when an abuser constantly accuses someone else of lying without evidence. Abusers use this tactic to make their victims feel like they cannot trust anyone, even if they have proof that what they say is true.

gaslighting examples

This further reinforces the abuser’s power over their victims as they become more and more dependent on them for validation and reassurance. 

Demanding Constant Reassurance

Abusers may also demand constant reassurance from their victims to further solidify control over them. They may repeatedly ask questions such as “Do you love me?” or “Do you still want to be with me?” to ensure that their victim does not stray from them emotionally or physically.

Refusing To Listen To Criticism

Another common warning sign is when an abuser refuses to listen to criticism from their victims, even if it’s constructive criticism meant to help improve the relationship. Abusers often view criticism as a threat to their authority and will do whatever it takes—including gaslighting—to shut it down and maintain control over the situation. 

Blaming Others For Their Own Emotions 

Abusers may also blame others for their own emotions, such as anger or sadness, to attempt to shift responsibility away from themselves and onto someone else. They may:

  • deny ever saying something even if there’s proof otherwise;
  • make-up stories;
  • deliberately misinterpreting what was said;
  • being overly critical;
  • manipulating situations so that someone takes the blame for something that wasn’t their fault;
  • playing mind games;
  • denying conversations ever happened;
  • trying to confuse someone with contradictory statements;
  • using guilt trips as a way to control the situation;
  • using passive-aggressive tactics, etc.

All these are in an attempt to gain power over another person’s thoughts, feelings, and actions.

Overcoming Gaslighting Tactics

Here’s how setting boundaries is the most effective way to overcome gaslighting tactics. 

Step 1: Communicate Your Expectations

The first step in overcoming gaslighting tactics is setting clear boundaries. This involves communicating what acceptable behavior in a relationship and what isn’t. If something makes you uncomfortable or someone’s behavior crosses a line, you must speak up and tell them their actions aren’t okay with you.

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communicate to avoid gaslighting

Furthermore, it’s essential to learn how to say “no” when necessary and stick up for yourself when faced with unfair accusations or manipulative tactics. 

Step 2: Connect With Supportive People

It can be difficult to stand up for yourself if you don’t have a strong support system. That’s why it’s so important to stay connected with supportive friends and family who can provide objective feedback on your situation and validate your experiences even if the person engaging in gaslighting behavior refuses to do so.

Building this type of network takes time, but it will be worth it in the end, as these relationships will give you strength when you feel like giving up or don’t know how to respond.  

Step 3: Seek Professional Help

Finally, if needed, seek professional help – therapy can be beneficial when dealing with these situations since it provides an unbiased perspective on the situation and offers tangible coping strategies that have been proven to work over time and provide lasting relief from gaslighting tactics.

Everyone deserves a safe space to express themselves without fear of being judged or manipulated. Therapy offers exactly that environment where people can explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences without judgment or interference from outside sources.

FAQs About Gaslighting

Q: What are some gaslighting phrases?

A: Abusers may use gaslighting phrases to boost their power and maintain control in the dynamic, such as “You’re being paranoid.” or “You’re overreacting.”

Denial and minimization are common gaslighting tactics, which can be seen in statements like “That never happened” or “You are making that up.” Gaslighters aim to confuse and disorient the target by telling you that your perceptions are invalid.

Other gaslighting examples include:

  • Accusing the victim of being over-emotional (“you’ve always been crazy”).
  • Avoiding accountability for their behavior (“I don’t know what you want me to say”).
  • Shifting blame onto the target (“it’s your fault”).
  • Proclaiming universal agreement (“everyone agrees with me”).

Victims of gaslighting often find it hard to explain their feelings due to an underlying sense of self-doubt, so they and others must understand gaslighters’ common manipulation methods.

Q: Do gaslighters love their victims?

A: From belittling comments, to gaslighting examples like “I’m only doing this because I love you,” gaslighters will use any tool at their disposal to evade responsibility for their behavior.

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Unfortunately, gaslighters thrive on confusion and power, making it hard to detect the behavior without being fervent in identifying signs of gaslighting. In doing so, it is essential to recognize that while a person can still love someone they are upset with, gaslighting must not be disguised as care or love.

Q: What is the root of gaslighting?

A: Gaslighting is a form of emotional and psychological abuse where a person manipulates another individual to question their reality and sanity. The term originated from the 1938 play “Gas Light,” where a husband gaslights his wife to steal her inheritance by making her doubt her memories and perceptions.

Q: What type of personality does a gaslighter have?

A: Gaslighters often use manipulative tactics to make others doubt their memory, perception, or judgment. These deceptive strategies are employed by individuals with a narcissistic personality disorder or those seeking to abuse their power and authority.

Cult leaders can also implement gaslighting as a tool for complete control over their followers. At the same time, criminals use it to thwart the truth from coming out, and dictators employ it as a form of political domination. All these types of behavior seek to devalue an individual over time if left unchallenged.

Q: Do gaslighters have empathy?

A: Gaslighters are difficult to deal with because they lack empathy for others. They may exhibit signs of narcissistic personality disorder; this could result from admiration for themselves being placed over others.

As a result, gaslighters will use controlling means to pressure their victims mentally and emotionally to maintain power, further damaging the fragile relationship.


Gaslighting is a manipulative tactic used by some people to cause distress and confusion among others to gain power over them. This type of emotional abuse can have severe consequences for mental health if not addressed appropriately.

Luckily, one can identify this type of behavior before it gets too severe, such as setting healthy boundaries with the person engaging in gaslighting tactics, staying connected with supportive friends/family members, and seeking professional help.

These precautionary steps can help protect against further harm caused by gaslighting. By recognizing gaslighting behaviors early on, you can take action quickly before things worsen. Doing so will empower you, giving you back control over your life.

About Norman Anthony Balberan

I am a Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy graduate turned full-time web developer and designer. Although my professional background is in pharmacy and tech, I have a passion for writing and am excited to share my insights and thoughts through my blog. I write about various topics that I am knowledgeable and passionate about, and I hope to engage and connect with my readers through my writing.

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